Record High Equity, Record Low Yield

July 21, 2016

Record High Equity, Record Low Yield Photo

U.S. equities are trading at record highs, while interest rates are close to record lows. This week’s chart shows the long bull market in bonds over the last 40 years, as well as the rare combination of record high equity with record low interest rates we are currently observing.

This bull market is already the second longest in history. However, if you talk to investors, you won’t feel it. There is much more nervousness among investors than exuberance. The current bull market is driven more by a necessity to earn reasonable income and a fear of underperforming than by the greed to get rich.

The skittishness of investors following recent events is easily understood: a 2% GDP growth rate, stagnation in Europe and Japan with few monetary tools left, leverage in China, stress among commodity exporters, plus the Brexit. Central bankers see it too, and it turns out cautious central bankers are the best friends of risk markets. Every time the market becomes volatile, we see an immediate response from central banks. Every mini-crisis leads to higher equity prices and lower rates.

Another dynamic that supports U.S. equities is the relative strength of the U.S. economy compared to every other country in the world. The dollar has been very strong in the last few years because of this fundamental. A strong currency has increased the allure of dollar-based assets.

Combining these two strengths, we are getting some similar elements to the late 90’s. During that time, a strong dollar and the allure of the technology industry attracted capital inflows from all over the world; Greenspan Fed reversed the rate hiking and cut rates in 1998 to calm the financial markets after the emerging market and long-term capital management crisis, even when the domestic economy was doing well. The equity market boomed afterwards.

I see some possibility for this scenario to happen again, but, the global economy is much weaker now, and central banks have much fewer tools left. China provided a significant tailwind for the global economy in late 90s, but that is no longer the case. This “neo-90s” scenario won’t be my base scenario. Low single digit return for the next several years with bouts of volatility is still my base scenario.

Investing in this environment is challenging. There is not a lot of value to buy in the marketplace, and cash yields almost nothing. On the other hand, the extremely cautious Fed makes shorting anything a bet against their power to influence market. At this moment, the central banks can still influence the market.

Key Takeaways:

Market participants and central bankers are worried about the “Japanization” of the world economy. This shows up in extremely low interest rates and rich asset valuation, especially in defensive and high dividend sectors. The risk to this market consensus is either inflation or growth surprises on the upside. If that happens, asset prices will have to re-price.

Tags: Chart of the Week | Bonds | Stocks | U.S. economy | Inflation

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This material is for informational use only. The views expressed are those of the author, and do not necessarily reflect the views of Penn Mutual Asset Management.  This material is not intended to be relied upon as a forecast, research or investment advice, and it is not a recommendation, offer or solicitation to buy or sell any securities or to adopt any investment strategy.

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