Corporate Bond Credit Quality Moving Lower with Yields

September 7, 2017

Corporate Bond Credit Quality Moving Lower with Yields Photo

This week’s chart highlights the dramatic shift in credit quality for the corporate bond market during the past 30 years. Investment grade rated corporations have been on a 30-year borrowing binge judging by the increasing weight of BBB-rated credits in the Bloomberg Barclays Corporate Index. U.S. companies are taking advantage of lower and lower borrowing costs and embracing the use of higher leverage. Nearly half of the index is made up of BBB credits today ─ double the level from 30 years ago.  Despite more than 60 companies being rated AAA in the 1980s, only Johnson & Johnson and Microsoft remain as the two U.S. companies with the top rating.

The most troubling aspect of increased leverage for corporate bond investors has been more companies using borrowed money for financial engineering (share buybacks, dividend hikes and M&A activity) as opposed to new investment since the financial crisis. The House Republican tax plan is trying to reverse this trend by shifting incentives toward business investment as opposed to financial engineering. Bank of America estimates eliminating deductibility of corporate interest expense for new debt issuance and immediate expensing of certain capital expenditures such as plant and equipment could shrink the corporate bond market by nearly a third. Declining trends in overall corporate credit quality are also likely to be reversed.

Key Takeaway:

In the 1980s, Michael Milken, the Junk Bond King, warned investors that AAA-rated bonds have “nowhere to go but down.” In response to easy money central bank policies across the globe and record low borrowing costs, many corporations are finding the optimal mix of debt and equity puts them in the BBB-rating category. With interest rates and spreads near record low levels, in-depth credit research and discipline are even more important for active fixed income investors in today’s corporate bond market.

Tags: Chart of the Week | Corporate bonds | Interest Rates | Credit quality | Fixed income | Fixed income investing | borrowing cost

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This material is for informational use only. The views expressed are those of the author, and do not necessarily reflect the views of Penn Mutual Asset Management.  This material is not intended to be relied upon as a forecast, research or investment advice, and it is not a recommendation, offer or solicitation to buy or sell any securities or to adopt any investment strategy.

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High-Yield bonds are subject to greater fluctuations in value and risk of loss of income and principal. Investing in higher yielding, lower rated corporate bonds have a greater risk of price fluctuations and loss of principal and income than U.S. Treasury bonds and bills. Government securities offer a higher degree of safety and are guaranteed as to the timely payment of principal and interest if held to maturity.

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